GLOBAL:

Latest Updated on:  Monday, 02 November 2020

                                                               International Organizations

Name of Organization

Year of Founding

Head Quarter

No of Member Countries.

1.) WHO

 World Health Organization

1948

Geneva (Switzerland)

192.

Latest member is East Timor

2.) NASA –

National Aeronautics & Space Administration

1958

Washington D.C.

1, Lone member is USA.

It is an Independent agency of USA

3.) UNICEF –

United Nations Children Fund

1946

New York (USA)

191

4.) ICC –

 International Cricket Council

1909

Dubai (UAE)

104

5.) WB –

World Bank

1944

Washington D.C.

189

6.) ADB –

Asian Development Bank

1966

Manila (Philippines)

68

7.) UNO –

United Nations Organization

1945

New York (USA)

193

8.) UNESCO –

United Nations Education, Scientific & Cultural Organization.

1946

Paris (France)

193 full members &

11 Associate Members.

9.) IOC

 International Olympic Committee

1894

Lausanne (Switzerland)

103 full members,

10.) FIFA

(Federation of Football Associations)

1904

Zurich (Switzerland)

211

11.) ASEAN

Association of South-East Asian Nations

1967

Jakarta (Indonesia)

10, while there were 5 founding members in 1967.

12.) IMF –

International Monetary Fund

1945

Washington D.C.(USA)

190

13.) WTO –

 World Trade Organization.

1995

Geneva (Switzerland)

164

14.) ILO –

 International Labour Organization

1919

Geneva (Switzerland)

187(186 from UNO & Cook Island)

15.) WADA –

 World Anti- Doping Agency.

1999

Montreal (Canada)

38 members.

16.) ICJ -

International Court of Justice.

1945

Hague (Switzerland)

193

17.) UNDP –

United Nations Development program.

1965

New York (USA)

About 170 countries & territories.

18.) SAARC –

South Asian Association for Regional Corporation

1985

Kathmandu (Nepal)

8

19.) BIMSTEC-

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technical & Economic Co-Operation

1907

Dhaka (Bangladesh)

7

20.) OPEC-

Organization of The Petroleum Exporting Countries

1961

Viana (Austria)

13, as Qatar terminated its membership on 1 January 2019

21.) NATO –

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

1949

Brussels (Belgium)

Now 30, there were 12 founding members.

22.) SCO –

Shanghai Co-Operation Organization

2001

Beijing (China)

8 full members,

4 Observer State,

6 Dialogue Partners.

23.) G-20 –

19 countries & European Union

1999

No Permanent Head- Quarter.

19 + 1

24.) IAEA –

International Atomic Energy Authority

1953

Viana

172

UNO has six official Languages: They are Chinese, Russian, English, French, Arabic & Spanish. 

Andora(An European Nation between France and Spain): is the 190th member of IMF. To locate it, follow this link https://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/europe/andorra/

Head-Quarter of OECD(Organization of Economic CoOperation & Development): Paris

International Solar Organisation: India is re-elected as President & France as Vice President of ISO for a term of 2 years. To read more visit here

SCO: The SCO currently comprises eight member states -- China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Both India and Pakistan became SCO members in 2017. Foreign Minister Jai Shanker attended SCO foreign Minister meet in Mosco,  To read more, click here.

Chagos Island Dispute: between U.K. & Mauritius,   

Five Eyes Group: The Five Eyes is an alliance group between five countries of the world, namely USA, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The intelligence alliance group is a comprehensive espionage alliance and is a surveillance arrangement of the member countries. Five Eyes, or FVEY, as it is often abbreviated, first began its operation as early as 1946. Back then, it was an agreement between USA and UK as part of the Atlantic Charter

H.Q.Indian Ocean Commission Mauritius.

Afganistan: is the 8th member of SAARC.

H.Q. of BIMSTEC: Dhaka.             

Head-Quarter of OECD(Organization of Economic CoOperation & Development): Paris             

WHO:   The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the united Nations responsible for international Public Health.[The WHO Constitution, which establishes the agency's governing structure and principles, states its main objective as "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerlamd, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide. WHO began when our Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day. We are now more than 7000 people from more than 150 countries working in 150 country offices, in 6 regional offices and at our headquarters in Geneva.

World Intellectual Property Organization:  The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO; French: Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI)) is one of the 15 Specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). Pursuant to the 1967 Convention Establishing the world Intellectual Property Organization, WIPO was created to promote and protect Intellectual Property (IP) across the world by cooperating with countries as well as international organizations. It began operations on 26 April 1970 when the convention entered into force.   WIPO currently has 193 member states, including 190 UN member states and the Cook Islands, Holy Sea and Niuie;Palestine has permanent observer status. The only nonmembers are the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, and South Sudan.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a Multilateral Development Bank that aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Indo-Pacific region. The bank currently has 78 members as well as 24 prospective members from around the world..The bank started operation after the agreement entered into force on 25 December 2015, after ratifications were received from 10 member states holding a total number of 50% of the initial subscriptions of the Authorized Capital Stock. The bank was proposed by China.

New Development Bank(BRICS Development Bank): The New Development Bank (NDB), formerly referred to as the BRICS Development Bank, is a Multilateral Development Bank  established by the BRICS states(Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa. According to the Agreement on the NDB, "the Bank shall support public or private projects through loans, guarantees, equity participation and other financial Instruments" Moreover, the NDB "shall cooperate with International Organizations and other financial entities, and provide technical assistance for projects to be supported by the Bank."  The bank is headquartered in Shanghai, China.[The first regional office of the NDB is in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Trump wants India in G-7: US President Donald Trump wants to reformat G7, the group of seven advanced economies in the world, to make it a G10 or G11 that would include India, Australia, South Korea, and Russia.

United Nations (UN):

The UN was founded in 1945. Most countries of the world – a total of 191, are members. The general assembly of UN makes the decision about peacekeeping and human rights

World Bank:

This international financial institution was founded in 1944 which works on reducing poverty. It helps developing countries by giving loans.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):

UNESCO was set up in 1946. It encourages countries to get together on matters such as education, culture, and science.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):

UNICEF was set up in 1947. It works to improve the health and welfare of children and mothers in developing countries.

World Health Organization (WHO):

The WHO is a part of the United Nations. It promotes health matters worldwide and aims to raise medical standards and monitor diseases.

World Wildlife Fund (WWF):

The WWF was set up in 1961 and is the world’s largest conservation organization. Its main aim is to protect endangered animals and the places where they live.

International Monetary Fund (IMF):

The IMF was established in 1944 and promotes world trade. It has 184 member countries. Headquartered in Washington D.C., it works to improve the financial condition of its member countries.

Greenpeace International: has its Head-Quarter at: Amsterdam (Netherland)

G-4 Nations:  

The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security ouncil.. Unlike the G7, where the common denominator is the Economy nd long-term political motives, the G4's primary aim is the permanent  member seats  on the Security Council. Each of these four countries has figured among the elected non-permanent members of the council since the UN's establishment.

Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSG):

The NSG was founded in response to the Indian nuclear test in May 1974 and first met in November 1975. The test demonstrated that certain non-weapons specific nuclear technology could be readily turned to weapons development. Nations already signatories of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) saw the need to further limit the export of nuclear equipment, 

materials, or technology. Another benefit was that non-NPT and non-Zangger Committee nations, then specifically France, could be brought in.

Abbreviation       NSG; Formation   1974; 46 years ago; Type: International organization; Purpose: Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons; Controlling transfer of nuclear energy; Membership: 48 nations

Official languages: English, French, German, Spanish

Chair: Kairat Sarybay; Affiliations:  International Atomic Energy Agency

Website: nuclearsuppliersgroup.org

NATO: NATO is The North Atlantic Treaty Organization also called the North Atlantic Alliance, which is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.NATO constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. NATO's Headquarters are located in Evere, Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium. Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 30.

CURRENT STATS: 

Formation-4April1949; Type-Military-Alliance; Headquarters-Brussels, Belgium;

 Membership-30 states

Official language-English, French

Secretary General-Jens Stoltenberg

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee-Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach, Royal Air Force

Supreme Allied Commander Europe- General Tod D. Wolters, United States Air Force

Supreme Allied Commander Transformation-Général André Lanata, French Air Force

 International Organizations,              Head Office                        Head

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)                 Beijing, China   Jin Liqun

New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank     Shanghai, China K.V. Kamath

Asian Development Bank (ADB)                     Mandaluyong, Philippines Masatsugu Asakawa

International Monetary Fund (IMF)              Washington DC, US            Kristalina Georgieva

World Bank (WB)                                             Washington DC, US            David R. Malpass

United Nations Organization (UN)                 New York, US                      António Guterres

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA    New York, US                       Tijjani Muhammad-Bande.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)  New York, US                       Henrietta Fore                                  
United Nations Conf.on Trade & Dev. (UNCTAD)Geneva,                        Mukhisa Kituyi       
World Health Organization (WHO)              Geneva, Switzerland              Tedros Adhanom 

World Economic Forum (WEF)                   Geneva, Switzerland               Klaus Schwab

International Labour Org. (ILO)                  Geneva, Switzerland              Guy Ryder (Dirc- General)

World Trade Organisation (WTO)                 Geneva, Switzerland              Roberto Azevedo

World Meteorological Org.(WMO)                Geneva, Switzerland               Petteri Taalas  (Sect GEn)

World Intellectual Property Org. (WIPO)     Geneva, Switzerland               Daren Tang (CEO)

International Committee of the Red Cross    Geneva, Switzerland                Peter Maurer (President)

UN Educational Scientific & Cultural Org.        Paris, France                    Audrey Azoulay (DG)

Org. for Eco. Coop &Dev (OECD)                      Paris, France                    Jose Angel Gurria 

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)      Vienna, Austria               Yukiya Amano  

        

 Org. of Petro. Exporting Countries (OPEC)       Vienna, Austria                Mohammed Barkindo  

Nicaragua joins ISA

Amnesty International                                          London, UK                     Kumi Naidoo 

International Maritime Organization (IMO)        London, UK                     Kitack Lim

Commonwealth of Nations                                     London, UK                    Patricia Scotland

South Asian Asso. for Regional Cooperation        Nepal                               Amjad Hussain B. Sial 

Association of South East Nations (ASEAN)       Jakarta, Indonesia           Dato Lim Jock Hoi 

    Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)    Singapore                         Peter O’Neill 

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)         Brussels, Belgium           Jens Stoltenberg(Sec-G)

International Cricket Council (ICC)                      Dubai, UAE                     Shashank Manohar;  
Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO)             Rome, Italy                       Qu Dongyu

International Court of Justice (ICJ)                      Hague,  Netherland          Abdulqawi Yusuf

International Olympic Committee (IOC)               Lausanne, Switzerland     Thomas Bach    

 

 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)  Zurich, Swit     Gianni Infantino

World Wide Fund for Nature   Avenue du Mont-Blanc, Gland, Vaud, Swit   Marco Lambertini

Bay of Bengal Initiative 4 Multi-Sect. Tech. & Eco  Dhaka,                            Bangladesh.   
World Anti-Doping Agency                                        Montreal, Canada          Craig Reedie

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)                 Basel, Switzerland          Diego Devos (G.C)

semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide.

Nicaragua: is the 87th Nation to sign the declaration of International Solar Alliance(ISA).  

Indian Organizations:

Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts: New Delhi

3 branches of NIA: Central Govt. has decided to found 3 new branches of NIA, at: Chennai, Ranchi & Imphal.

Coast Guard Academy: is a training establishment in Mangalore (Karnataka).

Centre for Disability Sports: foundation stone is laid in Gwalior (M.P.).

National Medical Commission(NMC): Central government replaced the Medical Council of India with the National Medical Council. with Dr. Suresh Chandra Sharma as its Chairman.

Serum Institute of India: is in Pune,

Indian Dispute Resolution Resolution Center: New Delhi, On 22th May 2020, Former Supreme Court Justice A K Sikri, International Judge, Singapore International Commercial Court inaugurates the Indian Dispute Resolution Centre(IDRC), first of its kind Institutional Alternative Dispute Resolution(ADR) Centre to provide Offline and e-ADR facility through e-Arbitration, e-Mediation, and e-Conciliation software portal.

CM. of DRDO- G.Satish Reddy.

Turmeric Research Institute: The Tamil Nadu government has proposed to establish a Turmeric Research Institute at Modakurichi in the district of Erode. To read more,

Defense Institute of Advanced Technology: Pune.

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences: Nainital.

Kerala: to set up an International Women's Trade Centre, there

 

ices and 150 field offices worldwide.