India Through ages…..             

Indian Geography 


·      Northern-most Indian point: Indira Col.  The Indira Col is a col on the Indira Ridge in the Siachen Muztagh in the Karakoram Range. It is within 3 km of Sia Kangri to the west, the summit of which is the tripoint where territories controlled by India, Pakistan, and China meet.

·      Southern-most Indian point: (on mainland) Kanyakumari, a coastal town in the state of Tamil Nadu is the southernmost point. If you consider only mainland of India without its islands. However, the southernmost point of the Indian mainland is 8.06890°N 77.55230°E

·      Southern-most Indian point: (Including Indian Island) Indira Point, which is 876 km from Equator, earlier it was known as Pygmalion Point or Parson’s Point.

·      Eastern-most Indian point: Easternmost Point – The town of Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh is the easternmost point of India. The Lohit River enters India from Kibithu.

·      Western-most Indian Point: Westernmost Point-westernmost point of India is the small inhabited village of Ghuar Moti, located in the Kutch District of Gujarat.

·      Length of Landline of India: 

·      Coastline: 7516.6 k.m. (in terms of length of coastline, Gujrat has it longest, followed by Andhra Pradesh)

·      Tropic of cancer:  Tropic of Cancer is the imaginary line at 23.50° degrees North of the Equator. In India Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 states. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.

·      Indian Standard of Time(IST): Without an IST, India w’d have 2 time zones. But, at Naini in Mirzapur Distt. in UP has been taken as IST. The 82˚5' E longitude is taken as the Standard Time Meridian of India or reference letters longitude for IST , as it passes through the middle of India (in Mirzapur, near Allahabad). Indian Standard Meridian (82˚30'E meridian) passes through UP, MP, Chhatisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh


·      Rajasthan: 

·      Goa: 

·      Puducherry: 1)Puducherry & Karikal in Tamil Nadu, 2) Yanam in Andhra Pradesh & 3)Mahi in Kerala.

·      Details of Andaman & Nicobar Island Group:

The Andaman Islands are an Indian archipelago in the Bay of Bengal. These roughly 300 islands are known for their palm-lined, white-sand beaches, mangroves and tropical rainforests. Coral reefs supporting marine life such as sharks and rays make for popular diving and snorkeling sites. Indigenous Andaman Islanders inhabit the more remote islands, many of which are off-limits to visitors.



Port Blair

Lies in South Andaman

Indira Point

South of Great Nicobar Island


Only active volcano in India lies in the east of Mid Andaman


Volcano island lies in NE of North Andaman.

10° Channel

Separates Little Andaman & Car Nicobar.

Car Nicobar

Northern-most Island of Nicobar

Duncan Pass

Between South Andaman & Little Andaman.

Coco Strait

Between North Andaman & Coco Island(Myanmar)

Grand Channel

Between Great Nicobar & Sumatra (Indonesia)

·      Palk Bay: lies at the North of Gulf of Mannar & South of Adam’s Bridge. Pampa River:

  Northern Indian Rivers:




·      Details of Lakshadweep Islands Group: This group of islands is made up of Coral Reefs.





It is the largest island of the group

8° channel

lies between Minicoy & Maldives

9° Channel


Palk Strait

Between Tamil Nadu & Sri Lanka.

Adam’s Bridge

Between Tamil Nadu & Sri Lanka

Pamban Island

It houses Adam’s Bridge.


It is on Pamban Island.

·      Frontiers of India: India lies in South Asia, it has 7 neighbor nations: They are Bhutan, Afganistan, China, Bangla-Desh, Pakistan, Nepal & Myanmar.


States which share the international Borders:  Total no. of 17 states share international borders.  



No. of neighboring States



Bangla Desh








·      Various International Frontier between neighboring Nations:



Sharing Nation


Redcliff Line



McMohan Line






Various Passes in India:

1)in Zaskar Range J and K, a Road Route from Sri Nagar to Ladakh passes through, It is created by Indus River


2)Banihal Pass:


3)Shipki La:


4)Bara Lacha Pass:


5)Rohtang Pass: Pir Panjal, links Mandi to Leh


6)Mana Pass:


7)Niti Pass:  In Utrakhand, too Links Kailash to Mansarovar.


8)Nathu La:


9)Jelep La: In Sikkim, it also connects Sikkim to Tibet.


🌺झीलें और उसके राज्य 


🐍डल झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐍वुलर झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐍बैरीनाग झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐍मानस बल झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐍नागिन झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐍शेषनाग झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐍अनंतनाग झील :- जम्मू-कश्मीर

🐌राजसमंद झील :- राजस्थान

🐌पिछौला झील :- राजस्थान

🐌सांभर झील :- राजस्थान

🐌जयसमंद झील :- राजस्थान

🐌फतेहसागर झील :- राजस्थान

🐌डीडवाना झील :- राजस्थान

🐌लूनकरनसर झील :- राजस्थान

🌀सातताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🌀नैनीताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🌀राकसताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🌀मालाताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🌀देवताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🌀नौकुछियाताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🌀खुरपताल झील :- उत्तराखंड

🏈हुसैनसागर झील :- आंध्रप्रदेश

🏈कोलेरू झील :- आंध्रप्रदेश

🏀बेम्बनाड झील :- केरल

🏀अष्टमुदी झील :- केरल

🏀पेरियार झील :- केरल

💿लोनार झील :- महाराष्ट्र

पुलीकट झील :- तमिलनाडु एवं आँध्रप्रदेश.

🌕लोकटक झील :- मणिपुर

🌑चिल्का झील :- उड़ीसा


·Deccan PlateauThe It extends over eight Indian states and encompasses a wide range of habitats, covering significant parts of Telangana, Maharastra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
·The Aravali Mountain Range: It is a residual Mountain System. It is the oldest Fold mountain Range, some 700 K. m. (from Delhi to Ahmadabad). Its Highest peak is Gurushikhar(in Mt. Abu), near Udaipur. Mount Abu can boast of its Solar System, established by “Brahmkumaris”. In spring 2017 the Brahma Kumaris and WRST completed the design, development and installation of India OneAnother attraction on Mt. Abu is Dilwara Jain Temple.
·Western Ghat Or Sahyadri RangeThe Western Ghats have many peaks that rise above 2,000 meters, with Anamudi (2,695 m (8,842 ft)) being the highest peak.  The famous tourist place “OOTI” is in Nilgiri ( Tamil Nadu).
·Four Main Passes in Western Ghat:




Thal Ghat Pass

Nasik to Mumbai

Bhor Ghat Pass

Pune to Mumbai

Pal Ghat Pass

Nilgiri to Annamalai

Connects Kochi to Chennai

Senkota Pass

Nagar Coil to Cardomom

Connects Tiruvendram to Madurai.


·Eastern Ghat: From Orissa to Tamilnadu. It is more eroded, lesser height. Highest Peak Mahendragiri( 1501)

Crops in India & their Leading producer States:

=>India Through Maps:

*Geographical Division Of India:




1. Industries in India:


2,.Aluminium Industries:




5.Petroleum & Natural Gass:

Local Names of Voilent Cyclones in India:





E. India, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar,Orissa.

Good for Tea, Jute & Rice

Kal Baisakhi

In West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa & Odisha

It is extremely helpful for the Pre Kharif crops like jute, Paddy And vegetable & Fruits

Cherry Blossom

Karnataka & Kerala

Beneficial for Coffee.

Mango Shower

South India

Useful for early ripening of Mango

·Camouflage of Himalayan Rivers:



Two rivers meeting


Bhagirathi & Alaknanda


Mandakini & Alaknanda


Pindar & Alaknanda

Vishnu Prayag

DauliGanga & Alaknanda.

Indian Rivers in Map:                                                                                           



Various Crops in India & their leader producer states:


See it via map: