New Members In UNHRC: Russia, China and Cuba have been elected as new members of the United Nations Human Right Council.

Five Eyes Group: The Five Eyes is an alliance group between five countries of the world, namely the USA, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The intelligence alliance group is a comprehensive espionage alliance and is a surveillance arrangement of the member countries. Five Eyes, or FVEY, as it is often abbreviated, first began its operation as early as 1946. Back then, it was an agreement between the USA and UK as part of the Atlantic Charter


Chagos Island Dispute: between U.K. & Mauritius,   

H.Q.Indian Ocean Commission Mauritius. Read more? 

Afganistan: is the 8th member of SAARC.

H.Q. of BIMSTEC: Dhaka.


WHO:   The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of UN responsible for international Public Health. [The WHO Constitution, which establishes the agency's governing structure and principles, states its main objective as "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." It is headquartered in Geneva Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide. WHO began when our Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day. We are now more than 7000 people from more than 150 countries working in 150 country offices, in 6 regional offices and at our headquarters in Geneva.

World Intellectual Property Organization:  The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); FrenchOrganisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI)) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the UN. Pursuant to the 1967 Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, WIPO was created to promote and protect Intellectual Property (IP) across the world by cooperating with countries as well as international organizations. It began operations on 26 April 1970 when the convention entered into force.   WIPO currently has 193 member states, including 190 UN member States and the Cook Islands, Holy Sea, and Niue;Palestine has permanent observer status. The only nonmembers are the Fedrated States of Micronesia, Palau& South Sudan..

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a Multilateral Development Bank, that aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Indo-Pacific region. The bank currently has 78 members as well as 24 prospective members from around the world..The bank started operation after the agreement entered into force on 25 December 2015, after ratifications were received from 10 member states holding a total number of 50% of the initial subscriptions of the Authorized Capital Stock. The bank was proposed by China.

New Development Bank(BRICS Development Bank): The New Development Bank (NDB), formerly referred to as the BRICS Development Bank, is a Multilateral Development Bank established by the BRICS
(Brazil,Russia,India,China & South Africa)
. According to the Agreement on the NDB, "the Bank shall support public or private projects through loans, guarantees, equity participation and other financial Instruments" Moreover, the NDB "shall cooperate with International Orgabnizations and other financial entities, and provide technical assistance for projects to be supported by the Bank."  The bank is headquartered in Shanghai, China.[The first regional office of the NDB is in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Trump wants India in G-7: US President Donald Trump wants to reformat G7, the group of seven advanced economies in the world, to make it a G10 or G11 that would include India, Australia, South Korea, and Russia.

United Nations (UN):

The UN was founded in 1945. Most countries of the world – a total of 191, are members. The general assembly of UN makes the decision about peacekeeping and human rights

World Bank:

This international financial institution was founded in 1944 which works on reducing poverty. It helps developing countries by giving loans.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):

UNESCO was set up in 1946. It encourages countries to get together on matters such as education, culture, and science.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):

UNICEF was set up in 1947. It works to improve the health and welfare of children and mothers in developing countries.

World Health Organization (WHO):

The WHO is a part of the United Nations. It promotes health matters worldwide and aims to raise medical standards and monitor diseases.

World Wildlife Fund (WWF):

The WWF was set up in 1961 and is the world’s largest conservation organization. Its main aim is to protect endangered animals and the places where they live.

International Monetary Fund (IMF):

The IMF was established in 1944 and promotes world trade. It has 184 member countries. Headquartered in Washington D.C.,  it works to improve the financial condition of its member countries.

Greenpeace International: has its Head-Quarter at: Amsterdam( Netherland)

G-4 Nations:  

The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security ouncil.. Unlike the G7, where the common denominator is the  Economy nd long-term political motives, the G4's primary aim is the permanent  member seats  on the Security Council. Each of these four countries has figured among the elected non-permanent members of the council since the UN's establishment.

Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSG):

The NSG was founded in response to the Indian nuclear test in May 1974 and first met in November 1975. The test demonstrated that certain non-weapons specific nuclear technology could be readily turned to weapons development. Nations already signatories of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) saw the need to further limit the export of nuclear equipment, 

materials, or technology. Another benefit was that non-NPT and non-Zangger Committee nations, then specifically France, could be brought in.

Abbreviation       NSG;  Formation   1974; 46 years ago; Type: International organization; Purpose:        Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons; Controlling transfer of nuclear energy; Membership: 48 nations

Official languages: English, French, German, Spanish

Chair: Kairat SarybayAffiliations:  International Atomic Energy Agency


NATO: NATO is The North Atlantic Treaty Organization also called the North Atlantic Alliance,is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.NATO constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party. NATO's Headquarters are located in Evere, Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium. Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 30.


Formation-4April1949;Type-Military-Alliance; Headquarters-Brussels, Belgium;

 Membership-30 states

Official language-English, French

Secretary General-Jens Stoltenberg

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee-

Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach, Royal Air Force

Supreme Allied Commander Europe- 

General Tod D. Wolters, United States Air Force

Supreme Allied Commander Transformation-

Général André Lanata, French Air Force

 International Organizations             Head Office                        Head

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)                 Beijing, China   Jin Liqun

New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank     Shanghai, China K.V. Kamath

Asian Development Bank (ADB)                     Mandaluyong, Philippines Masatsugu Asakawa

International Monetary Fund (IMF)              Washington DC, US            Kristalina Georgieva

World Bank (WB)                                             Washington DC, US            David R. Malpass

United Nations Organization (UN)                 New York, US                      António Guterres

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA    New York, US                       Tijjani Muhammad-Bande.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)  New York, US                       Henrietta Fore                                  
United Nations Conf.on Trade & Dev. (UNCTAD)Geneva,                        Mukhisa Kituyi       
World Health Organization (WHO)              Geneva, Switzerland              Tedros Adhanom 

World Economic Forum (WEF)                   Geneva, Switzerland               Klaus Schwab

International Labour Org. (ILO)                  Geneva, Switzerland              Guy Ryder (Dirc- General)

World Trade Organisation (WTO)                 Geneva, Switzerland              Roberto Azevedo

World Meteorological Org.(WMO)                Geneva, Switzerland               Petteri Taalas  (Sect GEn)

World Intellectual Property Org. (WIPO)     Geneva, Switzerland               Daren Tang (CEO)

International Committee of the Red Cross    Geneva, Switzerland                Peter Maurer (President)

UN Educational Scientific & Cultural Org.        Paris, France                    Audrey Azoulay (DG)

Org. for Eco. Coop &Dev (OECD)                      Paris, France                    Jose Angel Gurria 

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)      Vienna, Austria               Yukiya Amano  


 Org. of Petro. Exporting Countries (OPEC)       Vienna, Austria                Mohammed Barkindo  

Nicaragua joins ISA

Amnesty International                                          London, UK                     Kumi Naidoo 

International Maritime Organization (IMO)        London, UK                     Kitack Lim

Commonwealth of Nations                                     London, UK                    Patricia Scotland

South Asian Asso. for Regional Cooperation        Nepal                               Amjad Hussain B. Sial 

Association of South East Nations (ASEAN)       Jakarta, Indonesia           Dato Lim Jock Hoi 

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)    Singapore                         Peter O’Neill 

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)         Brussels, Belgium           Jens Stoltenberg(Sec-G)

International Cricket Council (ICC)                      Dubai, UAE                     Shashank Manohar;  
Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO)             Rome, Italy                       Qu Dongyu

International Court of Justice (ICJ)                      Hague,  Netherland          Abdulqawi Yusuf

International Olympic Committee (IOC)               Lausanne, Switzerland     Thomas Bach    


 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)  Zurich, Swit     Gianni Infantino

World Wide Fund for Nature   Avenue du Mont-Blanc, Gland, Vaud, Swit   Marco Lambertini

Bay of Bengal Initiative 4 Multi-Sect. Tech. & Eco  Dhaka,                            Bngladesh.   
World Anti-Doping Agency                                        Montreal, Canada          Craig Reedie

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)                 Basel, Switzerland          Diego Devos (G.C)

semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide.

Nicaragua: is the 87th Nation to sign the declaration of International Solar Alliance(ISA). 

                                                                                                Indian Organizations:

Serum Institute of India: is in Pune,

Indian Dispute Resolution Resolution Center: New Delhi, On 22th May 2020, Former Supreme Court Justice A K Sikri, International Judge, Singapore International Commercial Court inaugurates Indian Dispute Resolution Centre(IDRC), first of its kind Institutional Alternative Dispute Resolution(ADR) Centre to provide Offline and e-ADR facility through e-Arbitration, e-Mediation and e-Conciliation software portal.

few important Indian organizations & their establishment year:

C.M. of DRDO- G.Satish Reddy.

Turmeric Research Institute: The Tamil Nadu government has proposed to establish a Turmeric Research Institute at Modakurichi in the district of Erode. To read more, click here:

Turmeric Research Institute

Defence Institute of Advanced Technology: Pune.

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences: Nainital.


National Recruitment Agency:  Indian Central Govt. decided to found a NRA, Which will conduct the Common Eligibility Test for recruitment of various job vacancies.


ices and 150 field offices worldwide.