World Geography

·      Discontinuity between Mantle & Core: Mohorvivic Discontinuity.

       =>  International Date Line: Passes through BERING STRAIT, FIZI, TONGA, etc. 

·       90 degrees Ridge is in: Indian Ocean.

·      Richer Scale: is used to measure Intensity

·      Mercalli Scale: is used to measure Magnitude.

·      Types of Mountains: 1) Structural 2)Tectonic 3) Residual & 4) Dissected. Other names for Types of Mountains: Fold, Block & Volcanic

·      Types of Plains: Structural, Erosion & Depositional plains.

·      Types of Plateau: Intermontane P, Piedoment P & Continental P.

·      Layers of Atmosphere: troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, Ionosphere(thermosphere) and Exosphere.

·      It is only in Stratosphere: that Temperature decreases with Height.

·      Ozone: is found in Stratosphere.

·       Ionosphere: is a conducting layer, it is made of 2 minor layer:
 1) E-Layer (Kennedy Heavyside  Layer And 
2) F-layer    ( Appleton Layer)

·      Jet-Stream: From west to east, in the Troposphere.

·      Coriolis Effect: Is maximum at Poles & Minimum at the Equator. The Coriolis effect is defined as how a moving object seems to veer toward the right in the Northern hemisphere and left in the Southern hemisphere. An example of the Coriolis effect is hurricane winds turning left in the Northern hemisphere.

    The Grand Banks of Newfoundland are a series of underwater plateaus south-east of the island of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf. The Grand Banks is one of the world's richest fishing grounds, supporting Atlantic Cod, Swordfish, haddock and capelin, as well as shellfish, seabirds and sea mammals

Dogger Bank is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about 100 kilometers off the east coast of England. During the last ice age the bank was part of a large landmass connecting Europe and the British Isles, now known as Doggerland

·      El- Nino: This is a warm current.

·      Strait: A narrow strait of water connecting 2 large Water Bodies. Also, separating 2 large landmasses.

·      Isthmus:  A narrow stretch of land, connecting 2 landmasses, 2 sea bordering either side, E.G. Isthmus of Panama- Connecting South & North America.

     Playa Lake: Formed due to Rain Waters in Local Depressions.

·      Cyclone is known with different name in a different region:

 

       Name    

      Region

     Hurricane

     The Atlantic Ocean and the northeastern Pacific Ocean,

     Tropical Cyclone

     Indian Ocean

     Tornados

     USA

     Willy-Willy   

     Australia

     Baguio

     Philippines

     Typhoons   

     China Sea

·       Various Cold Winds & the Concerned Regions:

 

Name of Wind

Concerned Region

Bora

Hungary to North Italy

Mistral

The Alps & France

Punas

Western side of Andes Mountain

Blizzard

Tundra region

Purga

Russia

Levanter

Spain

·      Various Warm Winds and the concerned Regions:        

Name of Wind

Name of Concerned Region

Chinook

US and Canada

Fahn

Alps(Switzerland)

Harmattan

Sahara

Sirocco

Sahara

Simoom

Arabia

Shamal

Iran, Iraq & Arabian Peninsula

Santa Ana

California